foto

Tom Mix

  • nar. 6.1.1880
    Mix Run, Pennsylvania, USA
  • zem. 12.10.1940 (60 let)
    Florence, Arizona, USA

Biografie

Americký herec, hvězda westernů a jeden z prvních představitelů hollywoodských kovbojů Tom Mix se narodil 6. ledna 1880 v Mix Run (Pensylvánie) jako Thomas Hezikiah Mix rodičům Edwinovi a Elizabeth. Vyrůstal ve skromných podmínkách, otec se živil jako dřevorubec. Jako mladík v roce 1898 narukoval a působil u dělostřelectva ve španělsko-americké válce, ale samotného boje se nikdy neúčastnil. Kariéru filmového herce zahájil v roce 1910 a trvala dalších 26 let. Za svou kariéru si vydělal více jak šest milionů dolarů, ale díky svému extravagantnímu způsobu života stačil většinu utratit.

Debutoval ve snímku RANCH LIFE IN THE GREAT SOUTHWEST pod křídly společnosti Selig Polyscope Company, která ho najala pro jeho zkušenosti s koňmi. V následujících letech natočil dalších více než 100 filmů pod touto společností , kterou opustil v roce 1917 a podepsal smlouvu s filmovou společností Fox Film Corporation. V průběhu 20. let natočil dalších 160 filmů a dostal se na vrchol slávy, když zastínil i legendárního "kovboje" Williama S. Harta. Ve většině filmů prováděl akrobatické kousky sám a byl několikrát zraněn. Byl jedním z mnoha herců, kterým příchod zvuku do filmu v podstatě ukončil kariéry. Za svou hereckou kariéru se objevil ve 336 filmech, ale jen několik bylo zvukových. Jeho poslední filmovou rolí byla postava Toma Morgana v patnáctidílné filmové sérii "THE MIRACLE RIDER".

Tom Mix byl pětkrát ženatý. V prvních letech 20. století prožíval bouřlivé období a stačil se dvakrát oženit. Dvě krátká manželství s Grace I. Allin (1902 -1903) a s Kitty Jewel Perinne (1905 - 1906), z nichž první manželství bylo zrušeno a druhé po roce skončilo rozvodem. Jeho třetí ženou byla od roku 1907 herečka Olive Mix. Měli spolu dceru Ruth, která se narodila v roce 1912. Ruth se po vzoru rodičů také stala herečkou. Manželství skončilo v roce 1917 rozvodem. O rok později se oženil se herečkou Victorií Forde se kterou měl dceru Thomasinu. Manželství vydrželo do roku 1931. Jeho poslední ženou byla od roku 1932 Mabel Hubbard Ward.

Zemřel tragicky ve věku šedesáti let 12. října 1940 ve Florencii (Arizona), když nezvládl rychlou jízdu svého auta a při havárii mu prorazil lebku jeho vlastní okovaný kufr. Na jeho pohřbu zazpíval Rudy Vallee song Prázdná sedla (Empty Saddles). Je pohřben na hřbitově Forest Lawn Memorial Park Cemetery v Glendale (kalifornie). Za svůj přínos filmovému průmyslu má svou hvězdu na Chodníku slávy (Hollywood Walk Of Fame).

Postava Toma Mixe je vděčným tématem spisovatelů a scénáristů. Daryl Ponicsan je autorem novely Tom Mix Died for Your Sins (1975) ve které popisuje Mixův život a jeho charakter. Novela Clifforda Irvinga Tom Mix and Pancho Villa , která vyšla v roce 1982 popisuje přátelství Toma Mixe s mexickým revolucionářem. Jeho jméno se objevuje v dalších novelách : například v knize Jamese Horowitze They Went Thataway (1975), nebo dvou knihách Philipa José Farmera, The Dark Design (1977) a The Magic Labyrinth (1980). K postavě Toma Mixe se několikrát vrací také hollywoodští režiséři a tak se objevuje v různých polohách v několika filmech a seriálech. Toma Mixe si také zahrál Bruce Willis ve snímku Blakea Edwardse SUNSET (1988), nebo v podobě ducha se objevil ve snímku Stefana Avalose THE GHOST OF EDENDALE (2003).

Petr "contrastic" Kubíček

Herecká filmografie

Filmy

1990 Babe Ruth: The Man, the Myth, the Legend - a.z.
1983 Zelig - a.z.
1953 Yesterday and Today - a.z.
1940 Rodeo Dough
1939 The Adventures of the Masked Phantom - a.z.
1935 The Miracle Rider
1933 Gordon of Ghost City - a.z.
Terror Trail
The Rustler's Roundup
1932 Destry Rides Again
Flaming Guns
Hidden Gold
Hollywood on Parade No. A-3: Down Memory Lane
My Pal, the King
The Cohens and Kellys in Hollywood
The Fourth Horseman
The Rider of Death Valley
The Texas Bad Man
1930 The Voice of Hollywood, Series 1, No. 2
1929 Outlawed
The Big Diamond Robbery
The Drifter
1928 A Horseman of the Plains
Daredevil's Reward
Hello Cheyenne
Hollywood Today No. 4
King Cowboy
Painted Post
Son of the Golden West
1927 Outlaws of Red River
Silver Valley
The Arizona Wildcat
The Broncho Twister
The Circus Ace
The Last Trail
Tumbling River
1926 Canyon of Light, The
Hard Boiled
My Own Pal
No Man's Gold
The Great K & A Train Robbery
The Yankee Señor
Tony Runs Wild
1925 A Child of the Prairie
Dick Turpin
Riders of the Purple Sage
The Best Bad Man
The Everlasting Whisper
The Lucky Horseshoe
The Rainbow Trail
1924 Ladies to Board
Oh, You Tony!
Pals in Blue
Teeth
The Deadwood Coach
The Heart Buster
The Last of the Duanes
The Trouble Shooter
1923 Eyes of the Forest
Mile-a-Minute Romeo
Romance Land
Soft Boiled
Stepping Fast
The Lone Star Ranger
Three Jumps Ahead
V boji se smečkou vlků
1922 Catch My Smoke
Chasing the Moon
Do and Dare
Fighting Streak, The
For Big Stakes
Just Tony
Sky High
Tom Mix in Arabia
Up and Going
1921 After Your Own Heart
Big Town Round-up
Hands Off
Ridin' Romeo, A
Road Demon, The
The Night Horsemen
The Rough Diamond
Trailin'
1920 Cyclone, The
Days of Daring
Desert Love
Prairie Trails
Texan, The
The Daredevil
The Terror
The Untamed
Three Gold Coins
1919 Fighting for Gold
Hell-Roarin' Reform
Rough-Riding Romance
The Coming of the Law
The Feud
The Speed Maniac
Treat 'Em Rough
Wilderness Trail, The
1918 Ace High
Cupid's Roundup
Fame and Fortune
Mr. Logan, U.S.A.
Six Shooter Andy
Western Blood
Who's Your Father?
1917 Delayed in Transit
Durand of the Bad Lands
Heart of Texas Ryan, The
Hearts and Saddles
Luck That Jealousy Brought, The
Roman Cowboy, A
Saddle Girth, The
Six Cylinder Love
Soft Tenderfoot, A
Starring in Western Stuff
The Law North of 65
Tom and Jerry
1916 A Five-Thousand Dollar Elopement
Along the Border
Angelic Attitude, An
Bear of a Story, A
Canby Hill Outlaws, The
Close Call, A
Corner in Water, A
Cowpuncher's Peril, The
Crooked Trails
Eventful Evening, An
Girl of Gold Gulch, The
Going West to Make Good
Golden Thought, The
Legal Advice
Local Color on the A-1 Ranch
Making Good
Mistake in Rustlers, A
Mistakes Will Happen
Mix-Up in Movies, A
Passing of Pete, The
Pony Express Rider, The
Raiders, The
Roping a Sweetheart
Sheriff's Blunder, The
Shooting Up the Movies
Some Duel
Taking a Chance
Taming of Grouchy Bill, The
The Man Within
Tom's Sacrifice
Tom's Strategy
Too Many Chefs
Twisted Trails
Way of the Redman, The
Western Masquerade, A
1915 A Child of the Prairie
Arizona Wooing, An
Athletic Ambitions
Auction Sale of Run-Down Ranch, The
Bill Haywood, Producer
Brave Deserve the Fair, The
Cactus Jim's Shop Girl
Cactus Jim's Shopgirl
Chef at Circle G, The
Conversion of Smiling Tom, The
Face at the Window, The
Foreman of Bar Z Ranch
Foreman's Choice, The
Forked Trails
Getting a Start in Life
Girl and the Mail Bag, The
Grizzly Gulch Chariot Race, The
Harold's Bad Man
Heart of the Sheriff, The
Hearts of the Jungle
Her Slight Mistake
How Weary Went Wooing
Impersonation of Tom, The
Ma's Girls
Matrimonial Boomerang, A
Mrs. Murphy's Cooks
Never Again
On the Eagle Trail
Pals in Blue
Parson Who Fled West, The
Puny Soul of Peter Rand, The
Přepadení dostavníku
Race for a Gold Mine, The
Range Girl and the Cowboy, The
Roping a Bride
Sage Brush Tom
Sagebrush Tom
Saved by Her Horse
Slim Higgins
Stagecoach Guard, The
Tenderfoot's Triumph, The
The Legal Light
The Man from Texas
The Outlaw's Bride
With the Aid of the Law
1914 A Friend in Need
Buffalo Hunting
By Unseen Hand
Cactus Jake, Heart-Breaker
Chip of the Flying U
Etienne of the Glad Heart
Finish
Flower of Faith, The
Four Minutes Late
If I Were Young Again
In Defiance of the Law
In the Days of the Thundering Herd
Jimmy Hayes and Muriel
Mexican, The
Moving Picture Cowboy, The
Ranger's Romance, The
Real Thing in Cowboys, The
Rival Stage Lines, The
Saved by a Watch
Sheriff's Reward, The
Soul Mate, The
Telltale Knife, The
The Little Sister
The Man from the East
The Scapegoat
The White Mouse
The Wilderness Mail
Wade Brent Pays
Way of the Redman, The
When the Cook Fell Ill
When the West Was Young
Why the Sheriff Is a Bachelor
Wiggs Takes the Rest Cure
Willie
1913 An Apache's Gratitude
Buster's Little Game
Cupid in the Cow Camp
Dishwash Dick's Counterfeit
His Father's Deputy
How Betty Made Good
Howlin' Jones
Juggling with Fate
Made a Coward
Mother Love vs Gold
Muddle in Horse Thieves, A
Noisy Six, The
Physical Culture on the Quarter Circle V Bar
Religion and Gun Practice
Sallie's Sure Shot
Saved from the Vigilantes
Taming a Tenderfoot
That Mail Order Suit
The Cattle Thief's Escape
The Child of the Prairies
The Escape of Jim Dolan
The Good Indian
The Law and the Outlaw
The Life Timer
The Marshal's Capture
The Only Chance
The Range Law
The Rejected Lover's Luck
The Schoolmarm's Shooting Match
The Sheriff and the Rustler
The Sheriff of Yavapai County
The Shotgun Man and the Stage Driver
The Silver Grindstone
The Stolen Moccasins
The Taming of Texas Pete
1912 'Diamond S' Ranch, The
A Cowboy's Best Girl
The Scapegoat
1911 A Romance of the Rio Grande
Back to the Primitive
Captain Kate
Dad's Girls
In Old California When the Gringos Came
Kit Carson's Wooing
Life on the Border
Lost in the Arctic
Lost in the Jungle
Outlaw Reward
Rescued by Her Lions
Saved by the Pony Express
Schoolmaster of Mariposa, The
The Bully of Bingo Gulch
The Man from the East
The Rose of Old St. Augustine
The Telltale Knife
Told in Colorado
Western Hearts
Why the Sheriff Is a Bachelor
1910 Go West, Young Woman, Go West
Long Trail, The
Lost in the Soudan
Pride of the Range
Ranch Life in the Great Southwest
Taming Wild Animals
The Range Riders
Trimming of Paradise Gulch
Two Boys in Blue
1909 Briton and Boer
Indian Wife's Devotion, An
On the Little Big Horn or Custer's Last Stand
The Cowboy Millionaire

Dokumentární

2000 Golden Saddles, Silver Spurs (TV film)
1995 Muž s velkou klikou (TV film) - a.z.
1965 Hollywood My Home Town - a.z.
1963 Hollywood Without Make-Up - a.z.
1961 10 del Texas, I - a.z.
Hollywood: The Golden Years (TV film) - a.z.
1941 Screen Snapshots Series 21, No. 2 - a.z.
1940 Screen Snapshots: Seeing Hollywood
1933 Hollywood on Parade No. A-7
The Film Parade
1932 Hollywood on Parade Nos. 3-4
Screen Snapshots
1930 Voice of Hollywood No. 2, The
1927 Life in Hollywood No. 4
1926 Screen Snapshots
Screen Snapshots, Series 6, No. 16
1922 Screen Snapshots, Series 2, No. 22-F
1921 Screen Snapshots, Series 1, No. 17
Screen Snapshots, Series 1, No. 20
Screen Snapshots, Series 1, No. 22

Režijní filmografie

Filmy

1925 A Child of the Prairie
1920 Days of Daring
The Daredevil
1918 Who's Your Father?
1917 Hearts and Saddles
Luck That Jealousy Brought, The
Roman Cowboy, A
Saddle Girth, The
Six Cylinder Love
Soft Tenderfoot, A
Starring in Western Stuff
Tom and Jerry
1916 A Five-Thousand Dollar Elopement
Along the Border
Angelic Attitude, An
Bear of a Story, A
Canby Hill Outlaws, The
Close Call, A
Corner in Water, A
Cowpuncher's Peril, The
Crooked Trails
Desert Calls Its Own, The
Eventful Evening, An
Girl of Gold Gulch, The
Going West to Make Good
Golden Thought, The
Legal Advice
Local Color on the A-1 Ranch
Making Good
Mistake in Rustlers, A
Mistakes Will Happen
Mix-Up in Movies, A
Passing of Pete, The
Pony Express Rider, The
Raiders, The
Roping a Sweetheart
Sheriff's Blunder, The
Sheriff's Duty, The
Shooting Up the Movies
Some Duel
Taking a Chance
Taming of Grouchy Bill, The
The Man Within
Tom's Sacrifice
Tom's Strategy
Too Many Chefs
Trilby's Love Disaster
Twisted Trails
Way of the Redman, The
Western Masquerade, A
1915 A Child of the Prairie
Arizona Wooing, An
Athletic Ambitions
Auction Sale of Run-Down Ranch, The
Bad Man Bobbs
Bill Haywood, Producer
Brave Deserve the Fair, The
Cactus Jim's Shop Girl
Cactus Jim's Shopgirl
Chef at Circle G, The
Child, the Dog and the Villain, The
Conversion of Smiling Tom, The
Foreman of Bar Z Ranch
Foreman's Choice, The
Forked Trails
Getting a Start in Life
Girl and the Mail Bag, The
Gold Dust and the Squaw, The
Grizzly Gulch Chariot Race, The
Harold's Bad Man
Heart of the Sheriff, The
Her Slight Mistake
How Weary Went Wooing
Impersonation of Tom, The
Lucky Deal, A
Ma's Girls
Matrimonial Boomerang, A
Militant School Ma'am, A
Mrs. Murphy's Cooks
Never Again
On the Eagle Trail
Pals in Blue
Přepadení dostavníku
Race for a Gold Mine, The
Range Girl and the Cowboy, The
Roping a Bride
Sage Brush Tom
Sagebrush Tom
Saved by Her Horse
Slim Higgins
Stagecoach Guard, The
Taking of Mustang Pete, The
Tenderfoot's Triumph, The
The Legal Light
The Man from Texas
The Outlaw's Bride
With the Aid of the Law
1914 Cactus Jake, Heart-Breaker
Jimmy Hayes and Muriel
Mexican, The
Moving Picture Cowboy, The
Ranger's Romance, The
Real Thing in Cowboys, The
Rival Stage Lines, The
Saved by a Watch
Sheriff's Reward, The
Telltale Knife, The
The Man from the East
The Scapegoat
Way of the Redman, The
Why the Sheriff Is a Bachelor
1911 Why the Sheriff Is a Bachelor

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