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D. W. Griffith

  • nar. 22.1.1875
    LaGrange, Kentucky, USA
  • zem. 21.7.1948 (73 let)
    Hollywood, Los Angeles, California, USA
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Biografie

Griffith nejprve hraje v mnoha Porterových "jednokotoučových" filmech a pak přichází do společnosti Biograph, kde režíruje své první dílo, Dollyina dobrodružství (The Adventures of Dollie, 1908), nové a nepříliš obratné zpracování Psa zachráncem. Při výrobě a režírování stovky kratších filmů Griffith rozvíjí svůj unikátní smysl pro kompozici záběru (Kamera řízená snímanou akcí, a ne naopak. Snímanou scénu rozdělil do více záběrů a přitom zachoval jednotu děje, posílil tak dramatický účinek filmu.) Přeskakování z jednoho děje do druhého ve Spekulantovi s obilím (1909) vedení Biographu nepřijano příliš nadšeně. Rozčarován neochotou Biographu natáčet dlouhometrážní (vícekotoučový) film Griffith studio opouští a přechází do nezávislé kalifornské společnosti Mutual/Reliance-Majestic. Odchází s ním i jeho kameraman G. W. "Billy" Bitzer a celý jeho herecký soubor.

Po několika delších snímcích je Griffith připraven pustit se do svého samotného projektu, Zrození národa (The Birth of a Nation, 1915). Griffithovo vyjádření obsahu a dramatické prostřihy, prolínaní dějů z něj dělají klasické dílo Hollywoodského amerického proudu. Již obsahuje překrývané záběry, různé prostřihy a jiné dnes běžně užívané prostředky pro vyjádření celistvého děje. Otázka cenzury a charakter příběhu "Zrození národa" je však kontroverzní nejen v době svého vzniku, ale i dnes. Přesto byl film uznán jako určující proud moderního filmového umění.

Intolerance (1916) si vyžádala čtyřicetkrát vyšší náklady než průměrný celovečerní film. Vypráví čtyři paralelní příběhy, které se odehrávají ve čtyřech různých obdobích: v Babyloně 6. století př. Kr., v Judeji v časech Ježíšových, v reformační Francii 16. století a v současné Americe. Celá epojej trvá přibližně osm hodin. Bohužel diváci monumentálnost a složitost Intolerance neocení. Velkofilm, byť je brilantní ukázkou plynulého filmového vyprávění, postrádá lidský dotek Zrození národa. Přináší finanční katastrofu a pro D. W. Griffithe, vynikající postavu světové kinematografie, znamená počátek pádu.

Honza "Kryšpín" Marcinek

Režijní filmografie

1951 Footlight Varieties
1940 One Million B.C.
1931 Zápas
1930 Abraham Lincoln
1929 Dáma z dlažby
1928 Fanfáry lásky
Nebezpečné stáří
1927 Topsy and Eva
1926 Satanovy strasti
1925 Sally of the Sawdust
That Royle Girl
1924 Děti svobody
Není život krásný?
1923 Mammy's Boy
Román čísnice
1922 Hrůzyplná noc
1921 Děti velké revoluce
Ulice snů
1920 Cesta na východ
Mrtev před zákonem
Remodeling Her Husband
The Idol Dancer
1919 A Romance of Happy Valley
Scarlet Days
The Fall of Babylon
The Girl Who Stayed at Home
The Greatest Question
The Mother and the Law
Věrné srdce
Zlomený květ
1918 Hearts of the World
Lillian Gish in a Liberty Loan Appeal
The Greatest Thing in Life
The Great Love
1916 Intolerance
1915 Zrození národa
1914 Boj pohlaví
Brute Force
Home, Sweet Home
Princezna z Betulie
Svědomí zločinu
The Escape
The Massacre
Waifs
1913 A Misunderstood Boy
An Adventure in the Autumn Woods
A Timely Interception
Broken Ways
Brothers
Conscience of Hassan Bey, The
Death's Marathon
Drink's Lure
During the Round-Up
Enemy's Baby, The
Fate
Girl's Stratagem, A
Her Mother's Oath
His Mother's Son
Chance Deception, A
If We Only Knew
In the Elemental World
Just Gold
Left-Handed Man, The
Love in an Apartment Hotel
Madonna of the Storm
Mirror, The
Misappropriated Turkey, A
Mistake, The
Near to Earth
Oil and Water
Olaf-An Atom
Ranchero's Revenge, The
Reformers, The
Stolen Bride, The
Stolen Loaf, The
Telephone Girl and the Lady, The
The Adopted Brother
The Battle at Elderbush Gulch
The Coming of Angelo
The Hero of Little Italy
The House of Darkness
The Lady and the Mouse
The Little Tease
The Mothering Heart
The Perfidy of Mary
The Reformers; or, The Lost Art of Minding One's Business
The Sheriff's Baby
The Sorrowful Shore
The Switch Tower
The Tender Hearted Boy
The Wanderer
The Yaqui Cur
Three Friends
Two Men of the Desert
Unwelcome Guest, The
Welcome Intruder, A
Woman in the Ultimate, A
1912 A Beast at Bay
A Cry for Help
A Feud in the Kentucky Hills
A Change of Spirit
A Lodging for the Night
An Unseen Enemy
Baby and the Stork, The
Billy's Stratagem
Black Sheep
Blind Love
Blot on the 'Scutcheon, A
Brutality
Burglar's Dilemma, The
Eternal Mother, The
Fate's Interception
Female of the Species, The
For His Son
Friends
Goddess of Sagebrush Gulch, The
God Within, The
Gold and Glitter
Grannie
Heaven Avenges
Heredity
His Lesson
Home Folks
Chief's Blanket, The
Child's Remorse, A
Indian Summer, An
Inner Circle, The
In the Aisles of the Wild
In the North Woods
Iola's Promise
Just Like a Woman
Lena and the Geese
Man's Genesis
Man's Lust for Gold
Mender of Nets, The
My Baby
My Hero
Narrow Road, The
New York Hat, The
Old Actor, The
Old Bookkeeper, The
One Is Business, the Other Crime
One She Loved, The
Outcast Among Outcasts, An
Pueblo Legend, A
Pueblo Romance, A
Punishment, The
Root of Evil, The
Sailor's Heart, A
Sands of Dee, The
Siren of Impulse, A
Sister's Love, A
So Near, Yet So Far
Spirit Awakened, The
String of Pearls, A
Sunbeam, The
Tale of the Wilderness, A
Temporary Truce, A
The Girl and Her Trust
The Informer
The Lesser Evil
The Musketeers of Pig Alley
The Painted Lady
The School Teacher and the Waif
The Transformation of Mike
Two Daughters of Eve
Under Burning Skies
When Kings Were the Law
With the Enemy's Help
1911 A Decree of Destiny
Adventures of Billy, The
A Knight of the Road
As In a Looking Glass
A Terrible Discovery
A Woman Scorned
A Wreath of Orange Blossoms
Bobby, the Coward
Conscience
Country Cupid, A
Crooked Road, The
Dan the Dandy
Enoch Arden: Part I
Enoch Arden: Part II
Fate's Turning
Fighting Blood
Fisher Folks
Flaming Arrows
Heart Beats of Long Ago
Her Awakening
Her Sacrifice
His Daughter
His Mother's Scarf
His Trust
His Trust Fulfilled
His Trust: The Faithful Devotion and Self-Sacrifice of an Old Negro Servant
How She Triumphed
Chief's Daughter, The
In the Days of '49
Italian Blood
Last Drop of Water, The
Lily of the Tenements
Love in the Hills
Madame Rex
Out from the Shadow
Paradise Lost
Revenue Man and the Girl, The
Romany Tragedy, A
Saved From Himself
Smile of a Child, The
Stuff Heroes Are Made Of, The
Sunshine Through the Dark
Swords and Hearts
Teaching Dad to Like Her
The Battle
The Blind Princess and the Poet
The Broken Cross
The Diamond Star
The Failure
The Heart of a Savage
The Indian Brothers
The Italian Barber
The Jealous Husband
The Lonedale Operator
The Long Road
The Making of a Man
The Miser's Heart
The New Dress
The Old Confectioner's Mistake
The Primal Call
The Rose of Kentucky
The Ruling Passion
The Sorrowful Example
The Spanish Gypsy
The Squaw's Love
The Thief and the Girl
The Two Paths
The White Rose of the Wilds
Three Sisters
Through Darkened Vales
Trail of Books, The
Two Sides, The
Unveiling, The
Voice of the Child, The
Was He a Coward?
What Shall We Do with Our Old?
When a Man Loves
1910 Affair of an Egg, The
Affair of Hearts, An
A Flash of Light
A Child of the Ghetto
A Child's Faith
A Child's Impulse
A Child's Stratagem
A Mohawk's Way
An Arcadian Maid
A Plain Song
As It Is in Life
As the Bells Rang Out!
A Summer Idyll
A Victim of Jealousy
Broken Doll, The
Call to Arms, The
Dancing Girl of Butte, The
Duke's Plan, The
Effecting a Cure
Englishman and the Girl, The
Examination Day at School
Faithful
Final Settlement, The
Golden Supper, The
Gold Is Not All
Gold Necklace, A
Gold Seekers, The
Her Father's Pride
Her Terrible Ordeal
His Last Burglary
His Last Dollar
His New Lid
His Sister-In-Law
Honor of His Family, The
House with Closed Shutters, The
Impalement, The
In Life's Cycle
In Old California
In the Border States
In the Season of Buds
Knot in the Plot, A
Little Angels of Luck
Love Among the Roses
May and December
Midnight Cupid, A
Muggsy Becomes a Hero
Muggsy's First Sweetheart
Never Again
Not So Bad as It Seemed
Oath and the Man, The
Old Story with a New Ending, An
One Night and Then
On the Reef
Over Silent Paths
Purgation, The
Ramona
Rich Revenge, A
Romance of the Western Hills, A
Rose O'Salem Town
Salutary Lesson, A
Serious Sixteen
Simple Charity
Smoker, The
Song of the Wildwood Flute, The
Sorrows of the Unfaithful, The
Summer Tragedy, A
Sunshine Sue
Taming a Husband
Tenderfoot's Triumph, The
That Chink at Golden Gulch
The Banker's Daughters
The Call
The Cloister's Touch
The Converts
The Course of True Love
The Face at the Window
The Fugitive
The Iconoclast
The Last Deal
The Lesson
The Man
The Marked Time-Table
The Message of the Violin
The Modern Prodigal
The Newlyweds
The Rocky Road
The Way of the World
The Woman from Mellon's
Thou Shalt Not
Thread of Destiny, The
Twisted Trail, The
Two Brothers, The
Two Little Waifs
Unexpected Help
Unchanging Sea, The
Up a Tree
Usurer, The
Waiter No. 5
What the Daisy Said
When We Were in Our Teens
Wilful Peggy
Winning Back His Love
1909 ****
A Convict's Sacrifice
And a Little Child Shall Lead Them
A Strange Meeting
At the Altar
Baby's Shoe, A
Better Way, The
Bill Sharkey's Last Game
Brahma Diamond, The
Broken Locket, The
Burglar's Mistake, A
Cardinal's Conspiracy, The
Comata, the Sioux
Confidence
Cord of Life, The
Cricket on the Hearth, The
Criminal Hypnotist, The
Curtain Pole, The
Death Disc: A Story of the Cromwellian Period, The
Deception, The
Drive for Life, The
Drunkard's Reformation, A
Eavesdropper, The
Edgar Allan Poe
Eloping with Auntie
Eradicating Aunty
Expiation, The
Faded Lilies, The
Fair Exchange, A
Fascinating Mrs. Francis, The
Fools of Fate
Fool's Revenge, A
French Duel, The
Friend of the Family, The
Getting Even
Gibson Goddess, The
Heart of an Outlaw, The
Her First Biscuits
Hindoo Dagger, The
His Duty
His Lost Love
His Ward's Love
His Wife's Mother
His Wife's Visitor
Change of Heart, A
Children's Friend, The
Choosing a Husband
I Did It
In a Hempen Bag
Indian Runner's Romance, The
In Little Italy
In Old Kentucky
In the Watches of the Night
In the Window Recess
Jealousy and the Man
Jilt, The
Jones and His New Neighbors
Jones and the Lady Book Agent
Joneses Have Amateur Theatricals, The
Lady Helen's Escapade
Leather Stocking
Light That Came, The
Lines of White on a Sullen Sea
Little Darling, The
Little Teacher, The
Lonely Villa, The
Love Finds a Way
Lucky Jim
Lure of the Gown, The
Mamma
Maniac Cook, The
Medicine Bottle, The
Mended Lute, The
Message, The
Mexican Sweethearts, The
Midnight Adventure, A
Mills of the Gods, The
Mountaineer's Honor, The
Mr. Jones' Burglar
Mr. Jones Has a Card Party
Mrs. Jones Entertains
Mrs. Jones' Lover; or, 'I Want My Hat'
Necklace, The
New Trick, A
Nursing a Viper
Oh, Uncle!
One Busy Hour
Open Gate, The
Peachbasket Hat, The
Pippa Passes; or, The Song of Conscience
Politician's Love Story, The
Pranks
Prussian Spy, The
Restoration, The
Resurrection
Road to the Heart, The
Roue's Heart, The
Rude Hostess, A
Rural Elopement, A
Sacrifice, The
Salvation Army Lass, The
Seventh Day, The
Schneider's Anti-Noise Crusade
Son's Return, The
Sound Sleeper, A
Spekulant s obilím
Suicide Club, The
Sweet and Twenty
Sweet Revenge, A
Tender Hearts
The Awakening
The Country Doctor
The Day After
The Girls and Daddy
The Golden Louis
The Hessian Renegades
The Honor of Thieves
The Note in the Shoe
The Red Man's View
The Renunciation
The Sealed Room
The Slave
The Test
They Would Elope
Those Awful Hats
Those Boys!
Through the Breakers
Tis an Ill Wind That Blows No Good
To Save Her Soul
Tragic Love
Trap for Santa Claus, A
Trick That Failed, The
Troublesome Satchel, A
Trying to Get Arrested
Twin Brothers
Two Memories
Two Women and a Man
Violin Maker of Cremona, The
Voice of the Violin, The
Wanted, a Child
Was Justice Served?
Way of Man, The
Welcome Burglar, The
What Drink Did
What's Your Hurry?
Winning Coat, The
With Her Card
Wooden Leg, The
Wreath in Time, A
1908 Awful Moment, An
Balked at the Altar
Bandit's Waterloo, The
Behind the Scenes
Betrayed by a Handprint
Black Viper, The
Calamitous Elopement, A
Call of the Wild, The
Clubman and the Tramp, The
Concealing a Burglar
Deceived Slumming Party
Devil, The
Dollina dobrodružství
Father Gets in the Game
Feud and the Turkey, The
For a Wife's Honor
For Love of Gold
Guerrilla, The
Heart of O'Yama, The
Helping Hand, The
Christmas Burglars, The
Ingomar, the Barbarian
Ingrate, The
Man and the Woman, The
Monday Morning in a Coney Island Police Court
Money Mad
Mr. Jones at the Ball
Pirate's Gold, The
Planter's Wife, The
Po mnoha letech
Red Girl, The
Red Man and the Child, The
Romance of a Jewess
Smoked Husband, A
Song of the Shirt, The
Stolen Jewels, The
Tavern Keeper's Daughter, The
Test of Friendship, The
The Fatal Hour
The Fight for Freedom
The Girl and the Outlaw
The Greaser's Gauntlet
The Reckoning
The Taming of the Shrew
The Vaquero's Vow
Valet's Wife, The
Where the Breakers Roar
Woman's Way, A
Zulu's Heart, The

Dokumentární

1919 World of Columbus, The
1916 Day with Governor Whitman, A

Scenáristická filmografie

Herecká filmografie

1945 Flicker Flashbacks No. 1, Series 1 - a.z.
1936 San Francisco
1918 Hearts of the World
1915 Zrození národa
1912 Close Call, A
Helen's Marriage
Two Daughters of Eve
1911 Adventures of Billy, The
1909 At the Altar
Politician's Love Story, The
The Girls and Daddy
The Hessian Renegades
1908 At the Crossroads of Life
At the French Ball
Balked at the Altar
Black Viper, The
Calamitous Elopement, A
Caught by Wireless
Classmates
Cupid's Pranks
Deceived Slumming Party
Devil, The
Falsely Accused!
Famous Escape, A
Heart of O'Yama, The
Her First Adventure
Hulda's Lovers
Ingomar, the Barbarian
Invisible Fluid, The
King of the Cannibal Islands
King's Messenger, The
Man in the Box, The
Music Master, The
Old Isaacs, the Pawnbroker
Orlem ukradené dítko
'Ostler Joe
Princess in the Vase, The
Professional Jealousy
Red Girl, The
Sculptor's Nightmare, The
Stage Rustler, The
Stolen Jewels, The
The Fatal Hour
The Kentuckian
When Knighthood Was in Flower
Yellow Peril, The

Dokumentární

2014 Flashback: The First World War - a.z.
2008 Mary Pickford: The Muse of the Movies
2007 Dawn of Sound, The: How Movies Learned to Talk (TV film) - a.z.
Why Be Good? Sexuality & Censorship in Early Cinema - a.z.
2005 The American Experience: Mary Pickford (TV film)
2004 Final Cut: The Making and Unmaking of Heaven's Gate
2002 Tramp and the Dictator, The - a.z.
1998 Star Power: The Creation of United Artists - a.z.
1997 Mary Pickford: A Life on Film - a.z.
1993 D. W. Griffith: Otec filmu
1975 The Moving Picture Boys in the Great War
1967 The Funniest Man in the World - a.z.
1963 Hollywood: The Great Stars (TV film) - a.z.
1961 Hollywood: The Golden Years (TV film) - a.z.
The Legend of Rudolph Valentino - a.z.
1921 Screen Snapshots, Series 1, No. 20
1920 Screen Snapshots, Series 1, No. 13

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